Bass flute, in C, Italian, made in mid 20th century, branded: Pelitti trumpet in Bb, Italy, with three rotary valve buttons, brass, length without mouthpiece 44,5cm The carved, and not stamped, signature, the lack of the serial number and the lack of the coat of arms of Savoy could date this instrument back between and Trumpet in Bb, Italy, s. Branded on the bell: Nickel-plated and dull brass, and chromed brass; slide on the tubing of the third piston valve. Trumpet in Eb – F made of nickel-plated brass, Italian, anonymous, mid 20th century.

Hunting for “Coppers”

Bill Dancy This story has its roots many years ago, nearly 20 if that seems possible, when I was just starting out with my newfound hobby of metal detecting. But I do remember how exciting it was to have an opportunity to recover pre coins and relics after having hunted only schoolyards, parks, and mid-century house yards, looking for silver dimes and Wheat cents. Little did I know how early and diverse this site would turn out to be until years later, and that was made possible through an unexpected visit from a feisty gal named Isabel.

Low tide and dying marsh grass made recovery of artifacts a little easier.

The Chronology and Dating of English Crotal Bells. General. The earliest crotal bells found in England date to the beginning of the 13th century. They are of tin and were cast as open bells with an integral suspension loop and four ‘petals’ forming the lower body.

Having got my bearings correct I set about the morning getting ready for work. The actual notice-board is bare!! I seem to have some mad skills there. How awesome, I get a crypt-like office!! So, I get there and do my paparazzi gig and stare, dumb-founded, at all the shipwreck material in the lab. This morning I found both him and Jake maritime archaeology intern in the wet lab calibrating the ph reader, so they can start using it on a series shipwreck material that dots the lab and the balcony.

The Florida anthropologist

They also lined the sides of Red Square during state funerals and military parades and, when formed into more conventional military units, backed up Red Army troops to ensure they did not retreat, operated as “blocking detachments” and conducted anti-guerrilla operations in re-conquered Soviet territories in WWII. However, other sizable uniformed elements included fire protection troops, key facility and lines of communications’ guards, emergency response, prison guards and a host of supporting administrative, logistical and criminal investigative personnel.

The internal security troops reorganized and renamed the Internal Troops Vnutrennaya Voiska – VV in were arguably the most significant of these forces – forming the main armed security force of post-war USSR. Organized into Army-style units up to division in size and equipped with heavy weapons including tanks, artillery, and armored personnel carriers, the VV’s primary peacetime mission was to safeguard public order and quell serious internal unrest that regular police were unable to handle due to lack of training, manpower or heavy weapons.

Wartime missions included securing occupied areas, policing friendly rear areas in conjunction with the militia and handling prisoners of war. Although ranks and insignia varied between the VV and the other MVD “organs”, all these personnel – with the exception of the militia police – wore the same basic military-style uniforms.

Jul 06,  · No arguments find for post some of mine,then youll see what I will snap easily but doesnt react like that in my g forward to the other side of CKs buttons.

History[ edit ] Although forms of brass have been in use since prehistory , [39] its true nature as a copper-zinc alloy was not understood until the post medieval period because the zinc vapor which reacted with copper to make brass was not recognised as a metal. Many have similar tin contents to contemporary bronze artefacts and it is possible that some copper-zinc alloys were accidental and perhaps not even distinguished from copper.

There is good archaeological evidence for this process and crucibles used to produce brass by cementation have been found on Roman period sites including Xanten [66] and Nidda [67] in Germany , Lyon in France [68] and at a number of sites in Britain. The fabric of these crucibles is porous, probably designed to prevent a buildup of pressure, and many have small holes in the lids which may be designed to release pressure [68] or to add additional zinc minerals near the end of the process.

Dioscorides mentioned that zinc minerals were used for both the working and finishing of brass, perhaps suggesting secondary additions. These places would remain important centres of brass making throughout the medieval period, [82] especially Dinant. Brass objects are still collectively known as dinanterie in French. The metal of the early 12th-century Gloucester Candlestick is unusual even by medieval standards in being a mixture of copper, zinc, tin, lead, nickel , iron, antimony and arsenic with an unusually large amount of silver , ranging from The proportions of this mixture may suggest that the candlestick was made from a hoard of old coins, probably Late Roman.

Aquamaniles were typically made in brass in both the European and Islamic worlds. Brass aquamanile from Lower Saxony , Germany, c. In 10th century Yemen al-Hamdani described how spreading al-iglimiya , probably zinc oxide, onto the surface of molten copper produced tutiya vapor which then reacted with the metal. A temporary lid was added at this point presumably to minimise the escape of zinc vapor.

Monthly Archives: July 2013

The old barn My boyfriend is new to the hobby of metal detecting, and when he expressed an interest in trying it, I was a bit skeptical because his hobby is auto racing, and race cars. I wondered if an E-trac would be able to hold his interest, or compete with the excitement of racing. Despite my skepticism, his enthusiasm seemed genuine, and I was more than willing to spend a day detecting with him, with the hopes he might get some enjoyment from it, and perhaps we could add it to the list of activities that we do together.

However, I took the teasing in stride, because I knew there were no guarantees, and that sometimes even the most promising sites can yield a big zero.

buttons, mostly “pewter” (actually Tombac) predominate, but also lots of military buttons, livery buttons, etc. I found buttons of all types on this trip, some as early as the 17 th Cent.

Of all the services, Naval uniforms changed the least over this period – with caps worn in very similar to those produced at the very end of the USSR except for changes in fabric and use of aluminum stampings. This resistance to change even extended into the late s when officers were still wearing insignia of the Soviet Navy almost a decade after its fall. In contrast to the Army and Air Force – Naval uniforms and caps were relatively color-challenged.

To paraphrase the famous automobile maker Ford when asked why the Model T car didn’t come in bright colors: However, the Navy was the first to introduce visor ornamentation for officers and orange and black colored “Guards” bands did add a nice splash of color to those sailors lucky enough to be assigned to a ship or command so designated. Although the color palette of the Soviet Navy was limited, it did have the widest range of uniform types of any service.

Fortunately for cap collectors – typically the same cap served with multiple uniforms. For uniform aficionados, I shall try to define these as I track down through the cap descriptions.

Table medal “North Pole Expedition”

Mike McCullough half-real, and IHP, wheat, gilded pin, collar tab, marble, glass and pottery. John Curtis Mini ball, bullet, silver pendant, buff nickel, Jefferson, 8 wheats, bear head, unknown stuff, clad. Mike McCullough IHP, wheat, memorial, one tombac button and a large flat button.

Gaṇarājya is the Sanskrit/Hindi term for republic dating back to the ancient times, hindustan is a Persian name for India dating back to the 3rd century B. C. E. had buttons and decorative fittings made of tombac, currently, tombac foils are used in arts and crafts for decorative articles, especially as an economic alternative to very.

There was a series of prior events that were being played out in the Colonies which led up to the heightened breaking point of the Patriots suffrage which lead up to Skirmishes on the Greens of Lexington and Concord. Rebellious acts taking place in all the colonies by Patriots fueled the fires of discontent months prior to the Second Continental Congress actions to authorize a standing army under George Washington.

Also, four Major-Generals were commissioned: When the American Revolutionary War reached a feverish breaking point with the skirmish on the Greens of Lexington and Concord on April 19, , the patriots did not have a formal organized supplied army. Militia volunteers with revolutionary hearts and filled with patriotism answered the call. These were part time citizen-soldiers with little experience in military warfare of protocols. Aside from hunting for food, or experience of defensive measures against native American Indians continuing threats these men were just not up to the task.

For years vicious attacks on mens characters by being seen and treated as second class citizenship weighed heavy to a feverish breaking point at Lexington and Concord. The informal training of militia men in secret increased after the passage of the Intolerable Acts in

tombac button

Both the view and the history. Not with a backyard like this. I even love it when it rains. Late in the day while I was still at it, a cold wind picked up hard.

Russian bassoon, French, dating from the fourth decade of the nineteenth century, in C, built in maple with six holes and three keys, two rings, and brass bell. The breech is high mm. , the top piece and the wing mm. , there is a long bore of mouthpiece with two lugs and a zoomorphic bell (dragon-shaped head Windsucker) for total of mm.

See link below back to Button Info. Birdcage shank on a c. Uniform type with non-verbal scrolling backmark and “self-shank”. Might be a uniform or early blazer type. An unusual glass uniform button. Thought to be Czech Railway trolley system c. Back shows clear glass, face is silver lustered to imitate metal. This is a “spunback”. Often found on British made buttons and most often steamship lines.

Metals Used in Coins and Medals

Davidson, Erika Roberts, and Clete Rooney The earliest attempt at an African-American archaeology in the United States that specifically addressed issues pertaining to slave life was conducted at Kingsley Plantation in by Dr. Charles Fairbanks, of the University of Florida Fairbanks click on the images below to see larger illustrations by the authors. However, after a brief 2-week summer field season excavating within Cabin W-1 and to a minor extent, E-1 , Fairbanks never returned to Kingsley and instead continued his exploration of plantation archaeology in the Sea Islands off the coast of Georgia, most notably on St.

Simons Island Ascher and Fairbanks ; Fairbanks His graduate students John Solomon Otto , Theresa Singleton , Sue Mullins Moore , , among others, went on to define plantation archaeology in the s and early s.

Brass astrolabe Brass lectern with an eagle. Attributed to Aert van Tricht, Limburg (Netherlands), c. Brass is a metal alloy made of copper and zinc ; the proportions of zinc and copper can be varied to create a range of brasses with varying properties. It is a substitutional alloy: atoms of the two constituents may replace each other within the same crystal structure.

Friday, April 28, Items of Personal Adornment: How Small Objects Make a Big Impact As archaeologists, we are often asked to describe the best or oldest artifact we have found. People want to see the nicest point or the complete pot. But sometimes the small and insignificant objects can also give us important information on the people who have come before us.

Two such objects are buckles and buttons. First we will look at buckles, which were the primary type of fastener for both shoes and clothing through most of the 18th century. Metal buckles were largely produced in England and exported to America to be sold, although a small number of buckles were made by local silversmiths and clockmakers.

Bargain hunter: Don Rodgers

History[ edit ] Although forms of brass have been in use since prehistory , [39] its true nature as a copper-zinc alloy was not understood until the post medieval period because the zinc vapor which reacted with copper to make brass was not recognised as a metal. Many have similar tin contents to contemporary bronze artefacts and it is possible that some copper-zinc alloys were accidental and perhaps not even distinguished from copper.

There is good archaeological evidence for this process and crucibles used to produce brass by cementation have been found on Roman period sites including Xanten [66] and Nidda [67] in Germany , Lyon in France [68] and at a number of sites in Britain. The fabric of these crucibles is porous, probably designed to prevent a buildup of pressure, and many have small holes in the lids which may be designed to release pressure [68] or to add additional zinc minerals near the end of the process.

German brass making crucibles are known from Dortmund dating to the 10th century AD and from Soest and Schwerte in Westphalia Tombac: 5–20 Often used in jewelry applications. [21] Commonly touched items, such as bed rails, over-the-bed tray tables, chair arms, nurse’s call buttons, IV poles, etc. were retrofitted with antimicrobial.

Metal These buttons were made from a variety of pure metals and alloys. Though you may find an occasional sterling, gold or pewter button, most metal buttons were made from brass and copper. CC- if these buttons are one- piece they can be cleaned with water and dried quickly. If the metals was iron or steel these are magnetic0 the metal will rust if it gets wet, do not use water on these buttons. Try rubbing with a soft cloth to clean and polish the surface.

Some brass and copper buttons had a painted on colored surface that will come off with water.

Canadian Historic Sites: Occasional Papers in Archaeology and History No. 26

In Search of “Pioneer” William Bradshaw In response to my call for old property to search, I got an email from Lane Watson of Lane Watson Photography , telling me to check out some old farmland near his home. Rewind all the way back to Thomas Bradshaw drafted a deed for his son, who genealogists have taken to calling “Pioneer William”. Thomas’ brother , from Thomas Bradshaw to his son Pioneer William.

The basic laboratory analysis of buckles and buttons is relatively limited and is geared to cleaning the artifacts, packaging them for future analyses, and collecting basic data on their quantity, size, manufacturing methods and.

Sheet-metal crotal bell 13th th century Alongside the early cast crotals, copper and copper-alloy bells of sheet metal were produced. On the very earliest of this type, the loop was made of circular-section wire, which was inserted through a small hole in the top of the bell and its ends splayed in the manner of a modern split-pin. Slightly later, a narrow strip of sheeting was used instead of wire, and was either fitted in the same way, or formed into a ring and soldered to the top of the bell as on the example illustrated.

Bells of this type have been recovered from secure contexts that span the date range circa mid th to mid th century. They are also found in a wide range of sizes, at least from 13mm to 34mm diameter, suggesting a variety of different uses. Around the end of the 13th century, a new type of white-metal pewter and tin crotal bell, cast in one piece, appears.

The form is approximately spherical, but, as cast, the bottom half of the bell chamber is splayed. This enables the pellet to be placed inside the bell, and the splayed half to be squeezed together to retain it.

1840’s Permission!! Trifecta!!!